A cookie is a text file that is stored on the computer or mobile device through a Web server and only that server will be able to retrieve or read the contents of the cookie and allow the Web site to remember browsing preferences and navigate efficiently. Cookies allow a faster and easier interaction between the user and the website.
How do Cookies work?
Cookies can only store text, usually it’s always anonymous and encrypted. No personal information will be stored in a cookie, nor can they be associated with an identified or identifiable person.
The data allows this Web to maintain its information between the pages, and also to analyze the interaction with the website. Cookies are secure as they can only store the information that was put in place by the browser, which is information that the user has entered in the browser or the one included in the page request. You cannot run the code and it cannot be used to access your computer. If a web page encrypts the cookie information, only the web page can read the information.
What type of cookies do we use?
The cookies used by this web page can be distinguished according to the following criteria:
1. Types of cookies according to the entity that manages them:
Depending on whom is the entity that manages the equipment or domain from where the cookies are sent, and who treats the data that is obtained, we can distinguish:
- Own cookies: Those sent to the terminal equipment of the user from a computer or domain managed by the publisher himself and from which the service requested by the user is provided.
- Third-party cookies: those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity that treats the data obtained through cookies.
In the event that cookies are installed from a computer or domain managed by the publisher itself but the information collected by them is managed by a third party, they cannot be considered as own cookies.
2. Types of cookies according to the length of time they remain activated:
Depending on the period of time they remain activated in the terminal equipment we can distinguish:
- Session cookies: These are a type of cookies designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually used to store information interesting in order to preserve for the provision of the service requested by the user on a single occasion (e.g. a list of products purchased).
- Persistent Cookies: They are a type of cookies in which the data is still stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed during a period defined by the person in charge of the cookie, and that can last from a few minutes to several years.
3. Types of cookies according to their purpose:
Depending on the purpose of the data obtained through the cookies, we can distinguish between:
- Technical Cookies: These are the ones that allow the user to navigate through a web page, platform or application, and the use of the different options or services that exist in it, such as controlling traffic and communication of data, identify the session, access restricted access parts, remember the elements that integrate an order, carry out the process of buying an order, make the application for registration or participation in an event, use security features during navigation, store contents for dissemination of videos or sound or share content through social networks.
- Personalization cookies: These are the ones that allow the user to access the service with some predefined general characteristics based on a series of criteria in the user’s terminal such as the language, the type of browser through which access the service, the regional settings from where you access the service, etc.
- Analysis Cookies: Those that allow it’s responsible to monitor and analyse the behavior of the users of the websites to which they are linked. The information collected through this type of cookies is used in the measurement of the activity of the websites, application or platform and for the elaboration of navigation profiles of the users of these sites, applications and platforms, in order to introduce improvements depending on the analysis of the usage data made by the users of the service.
Cookies Management Tool
This webpage uses Google Analytics.
Google Analytics is a free Google web analytics tool that mainly allows website owners to know how users interact with their website. It also enables cookies in the domain of the site you are in and uses a set of cookies called “__utma” and “__utmz” to gather information anonymously and compile reports of web site trends without identifying individual users.
How to Manage Cookies on Your Computer: Deactivating and Removing Cookies
All Internet browsers allow you to limit the behavior of a cookie or disable cookies within the settings or browser options. The steps to do this are different for each browser, you can find instructions in the help menu of your browser.
You can allow, block or remove cookies installed on your computer by configuring the browser options installed on your computer:
- For more information about Internet Explorer click here or how to block, enable or enable cookies click here.
- For more information about Chrome click here.
- For more information about Safari click here.
- For more information about Firefox click here.
Through your browser, you can also view the cookies that are on your computer, and delete them as you see fit. Cookies are text files, you can open them and read the content. The data inside them is almost always encrypted with a numeric key corresponding to a session on the Internet so it often does not make sense beyond the web page that wrote it.